First: What’s an app? This concept has gotten pretty mushy.
“App” is short for “application,” and traditionally this was just a really generic term for any standalone bit of software that runs on top of a computer’s operating system — the way that Microsoft Word runs on top of the Windows operating system.
Apps used to mean tools. That is, they were originally mostly about DOING stuff — and in most cases, the best apps still are…
Only since the era of smartphones began have people been saying “app” to refer to software that really just serves as a passive content consumption interface. In fact, most news “apps” offer scant interaction beyond navigating, searching, rating, commenting on, and sharing published content.
That’s shortsighted. The novelty of reading or watching news inside a specific news brand’s app wears off really fast. Then it just becomes clutter on your screen.
What are mobile apps?
A mobile app is software that runs on a handheld device (phone, tablet, e-reader, iPod, etc.) than can connect to wifi or wireless carrier networks, and has an operating system that supports standalone software.
Usually, when people hear “mobile app” they assume you mean native app. This is a program that runs on a handheld device (phone, tablet, e-reader, iPod Touch, etc.) which has a “smart” operating system which supports standalone software and can connect to the internet via wifi or a wireless carrier network. Usually people download native mobile apps from app stores such as the Apple app store or the Android Market.
A native app can only be “native” to one type of mobile operating system: iOS, Android, BlackBerry, Symbian, Windows Phone, WebOS, etc. This is why an iPhone app works only on iOS devices — so if you want to also make your app experience available to Android or Blackberry users, you’ll need to develop and maintain a separate piece of software. That gets complicated and expensive.
UPDATE 3/4: Reading this recent ReadWriteWeb article, it should be noted that in a computer or tablet environment, web apps are indeed something that you can download and install into your browser, much like you’d install a browser extension. There are several web apps available for Google’s Chrome browser. There’s a new Mozilla web apps project that in coming weeks should allow “syncing your Web Apps to your mobile devices” — but it is not clear yet on whether that means syncing with OS-specific native apps installed on mobile devices, or via mobile web browsers. Stay tuned on that.
Mobile web apps can be designed to run reasonably well via almost any smart mobile web browser — from the full-featured browsers such as the ones available for iPhones and Android phones, to the mid-range browsers such as you see on many BlackBerry phones.
Feature phones and apps? Really?
“Feature phone” is the telecom industry term for non-smartphones. According to ComScore, 73% of the mobile handsets in use in the US are feature phones. And most of these phones can connect to the internet and browse the web.
If you think about it hard (and if you want to reach a huge mobile market, you should!), you can design interactive “appish” web-based tools that work well — and deliver value to mobile users — via the primitive, stripped down web browsers and slow data connections available to most feature phone users.
Good example: Alternative fuel locator, from the US DOE. This mobile web app locates nearby stations selling alternative vehicle fuels. It even works on very crappy feature phones and slow/weak data connections. There’s one problem though: the URL (http://www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/locator/m/stations) is way too long! That’s frustrating to type in on any mobile keyboard.
Any time you have a data-based interactive tool, try to find a way to make at least part of it work reasonably well on a feature phone web browser.
Feature phones are getting better.
The biggest development to watch this year is Qualcomm’s deployment of the Opera Mini browser via its feature phone platform BREW MP. Basically this means that in a year, browsing the web on most feature phones will be much easier and more fun for mobile users. Expect feature phone usage to jump sharply. Watch your web analytics for Opera Mini traffic.
Smartphones in perspective
Among the minority (27%) of current US handsets that are smartphones, about a third are BlackBerries — which generally don’t offer a stellar native app or web browsing experience.
Only 25% of US smartphones are iPhones — that’s just 6.25% of all mobile phones. ComScore says there are slightly more Android phones currently in use in the US.
So if you develop both an iPhone and an Android app, that gives you potential access to a little over 12% of the current US market. Compared to feature phones, that’s not much. Plus, only a small fraction of users on each platform will download your app — and most of them will open your app only once or not at all.
You need to make a strategic decision whether you’re going to serve today’s mobile market, or wait for tomorrow’s. (Hint: Waiting generally doesn’t bode well where consumer technology is concerned.)
iREP Marketing can help you make this decision by evaluating your value proposition and ROI of a mobile app for your business.